Carbon Stock in Seagrass Meadows of Bintan Island, Riau Archipelago

. Indriani, Aan J. Wahyudi, Defri Yona

Abstract


Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main component of greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming. About 40 Tt CO2 was accumulated in the ocean plays an important role in the oceans’s carbon cycle. The ocean can absorb CO2 through photosynthesis by the planktonic community or coastal vegetations (i.e. seagrass and mangrove) to reduce atmospheric CO2. As a study case, we assessed Bintan Island that has the extensive area of seagrass meadows. The potential of seagrass meadows, especially in the absorption of CO2 can be estimated by determining the carbon stock. The dominant species of seagrass in Bintan Island are Enhalus acoroides and Thalassia hemprichii. The objectives of this study are carbon stock assessment of the sediment and seagrass habitus (i.e above substrate (AS) consist of leave blades and fronds and Below Substrate (BS) consist of roots and rhizomes). We compare carbon stock between AS and BS, as well as between two species. The result of the research show that carbon estimation value in Pengudang Station (PS) (68.398,47 g C/m2) is higher than Teluk Bakau Station  (57.763,47 g C/m2). The carbon estimation value of E. acoroides is higher that others either in TBS of PS. The carbon stock in BS is higher than AS. While the estimated carbon stock in the sediment in PS was higher than in TBS.

Keywords


carbon dioxide, coastal vegetation, seagrass beds, Bintan Island

Full Text:

PDF ()

References


Afiati, R. N., A. Rustam, T. L. Kepel, N. Sudirman, M. Astrid, A. Daulat, P. Mangindaan, H. L. Salim dan A. Hutahaean. 2014. Stok Karbon dan Struktur Komunitas Mangrove sebagai Blue Carbon di Tanjung Lesung, Banten. Jurnal Segara 10(2):119–127.

Alie, K. 2012. Pertumbuhan Biomassa Lamun Thalassia hemprichii di Perairan Pulau Bone Batang, Kepulauan Spermonde, Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Sains MIPA Universitas Lampung 8(2):105-110.

Azkab, M. H. 1999. Pedoman Inventarisasi Lamun. Oseana 24(1):1–16.

DKP, K. B. 2011. Profil Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Bintan. Dinas Kelautan Perikanan Kabupaten Bintan.

English, S., C. Wilkinson, and V. Baker. 1994. Survey Manual for Tropical Marine Resources Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia.

Feryatun, F., B. Hendrarto, dan N. Widyorini. 2012. Kerapatan dan Distribusi Lamun (Seagrass) Berdasarkan Zona Kegiatan yang Berbeda di Perairan Pulau Pramuka, Kepulauan Seribu. Journal of Management of Aquatic Resources 1(1):1–7.

Fourqurean, J. W., C. M. Duarte, H. Kennedy, N. Marbà, M. Holmer, M. A. Mateo, E. T. Apostolaki, G. A. Kendrick, D. Krause-Jensen, K. J. McGlathery, and O. Serrano. 2012. Seagrass ecosystems as a globally significant carbon stock. Nature Geoscience 5(7):505–509.

Graha, Y., I. W. Arthana, and I. Astawa Karang. 2016. Simpanan Karbon Padang Lamun di Kawasan Pantai Sanur, Kota Denpasar. Ecotrophic: Journal of Environmental Science 10(1):46–53.

Harpiansyah, A. Pratomo, dan F. Yandri. 2014. Struktur Komunitas Padang Lamun di Perairan Desa Pengudang Kabupaten Bintan. Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji, Tanjung Pinang, Kepulauan Riau.

Helrich, K. 1990. Method of Analysis of The Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Fifteenth. Arlington, VA : The Association, 1990, Virginia.

Hendriyani, I. S., dan N. Setiari. 2009. Kandungan klorofil dan pertumbuhan kacang panjang (Vigna sinensis) pada tingkat penyediaan air yang berbeda. Jurnal Sains & Matematika 17(3):145–150.

Houghton, J. T., Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P. J. V. Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, and C. A. Johnson, editors. 2001. Climate change 2001: the scientific basis: contribution of Working Group I to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; New York.

Imiliyana, A., M. Muryono, dan H. Purnobasuki. 2011. Estimasi Stok Karbon pada Tegakan Pohon Rhizophora stylosa di Pantai Camplong, Sampang-Madura. Presentasi ilmiah tidak dipublikasi.

Kennedy, H., and M. Bjork. 2009. Seagrass Meadows. IUCN, Gland Switzerland.

Kuriandewa, T. E., and I. H. Supriyadi. 2006. Seagrass Mapping in East Bintan Coastal Area, Riau Archipelago, Indonesia 30(1):154–161.

Laffoley, D., and G. D. Grimsditch. 2009. The Management of Natural Coastal Carbon Sinks. IUCN, Gland Switzerland.

Lavery, P. S., M.-Á. Mateo, O. Serrano, and M. Rozaimi. 2013. Variability in the Carbon Storage of Seagrass Habitats and Its Implications for Global Estimates of Blue Carbon Ecosystem Service. PLoS ONE 8(9):e73748.

Macreadie, P. I., M. E. Baird, S. M. Trevathan-Tackett, A. W. D. Larkum, and P. J. Ralph. 2014. Quantifying and modelling the carbon sequestration capacity of seagrass meadows – A critical assessment. Marine Pollution Bulletin 83(2):430–439.

Nainggolan, P. 2011. Distribusi Spasial dan Pengelolaan Lamun (Seagrass) Di Teluk Bakau, Kepulauan Riau. Skripsi, IPB. Bogor.

Nasution, S., and M. Siska. 2012. Kandungan logam berat Timbal (Pb) pada sedimen dan siput Strombus canarium di Perairan Pantai Pulau Bintan. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan 5(2):82-93.

Nellemann, C., E. Corcoran, C. M. Duarte, L. Valdes, C. De Young, L. Fonseca, and G. D. Grimsditch, editors. 2009. Blue carbon: the role of healthy oceans in binding carbon: a rapid response assessment. GRID-Arendal, Arendal, [Norway].

Rahmawati, S. 2011. Estimasi cadangan karbon pada komunitas lamun di Pulau Pari, Taman Nasional Kepulauan Seribu, Jakarta. Jurnal Segara7 (1):1–12.

Rahmawati, S., A. Irawan, I. H. Supriyadi, dan M. H. Azkab. 2014. Panduan Monitoring Padang Lamun (Edt: M. Hutomo dan A. Nontji). CRITC COREMAP CTI Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. 37pp. ISBN 978-979-3378-83-1

Rustam, A., D. G. Bengen, Z. Arifin, J. L. Gaol, dan R. E. Arhatin. 2014a. Growth Rate and Productivity Dynamics of Enhalus acoroides Leaves at the Seagrass Ecosystem in Pari Islands Based on In Situ and Alos Satellite Data. International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) 10(1):37-46.

Rustam, A., T. L. Kapel, R. N. Afiati, H. L. Salim, M. Astrid, A. Daulat, P. Mangindaan, N. Sudirman, Y. Puspitaningsih, D. Dwiyanti, dan A. Hutahaean. 2014b. Peran Ekosisten Lamun sebagai Blue Carbon dalam Mitigasi Perubahan Iklim, Studi Kasus Tanjung Lesung, Banten. Jurnal Segara 10(2):107–117.

Supriadi, S., R. F. Kaswadji, D. G. Bengen, dan M. Hutomo. 2013. Potensi Penyimpanan Karbon Lamun Enhalus acoroides di Pulau Barranglompo Makassar. Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan 19(1):1–10.

Supriadi, R. F. Kaswadji, D. G. Bengen, dan M. Hutomo. 2014. Carbon Stock of Seagrass Community in Barranglompo Island, Makassar. Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan 19(1):1–10.

Susanti, D. 2015. Struktur Komunitas dan Valuasi Ekonomi Ekosistem Padang Lamun di Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah Desa Pengudang Kecamatan Teluk Sebong Kabupaten Bintan. Fakultas Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji.

Ulqodry, Z. T., Yulisman, M. Syahdan, dan Santoso. 2010. Karakteristik dan Sebaran itrat, Fosfat, dan Oksigen di perairan Karimunjawa Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Penelitian Sains 13:35–41.

Wahyudi, A. J., S. Rahmawati, B. Prayudha, M. R. Iskandar, dan T. Arfianti. 2016. Vertical carbon flux of marine snow in Enhalus acoroides-dominated seagrass meadows. Regional Studies in Marine Science 5:27–34.

Wawo, M., Y. Wardiatno, L. Adrianto, dan D. G. Bengen. 2014. Carbon Stored on Seagrass Community in Marine Nature Tourism Park of Kotania Bay, Western Seram, Indonesia. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika (Journal of Tropical Forest Management) 20(1):51–57.

Wouthuyzen, S. 2015. Seagrass Resources and their Management in the East Coast of Bintan Island, Indonesia. Page LIPI-JSPS Asian Core Program Joint International Seminar on Coastal Ecosystem in Southeast Asia. Jakarta.

Yunitha, A. 2015. Kandungan C-Organik pada Lamun Berdasarkan Habitat dan Jenis Lamun di Pesisir Desa Bahoi Kabupaten Minahasa Utara Sulawesi Utara. Tesis, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Powered by OJS | Design by ThemeOJS