Composition of Aquatic Macrophytes and Riparian Vegetation in Lake Sentani, Papua Province

I Gusti Ayu Agung Pradnya Paramitha, Riky Kurniawan

Abstract


Macrophytes and riparian vegetation play an important role in maintaining the balance of aquatic ecosystems. The loss of vegetation components can lead to increased sedimentation and change the microhabitat in the waters. This research aimed to obtain the composition of aquatic macrophytes and riparian vegetation in Lake Sentani, as well as to determine the status of waters and the characteristics of riparian zones in Sentani Lake. The research was conducted from September to October 2014. The sampling of aquatic macrophytes and riparian vegetation was conducted at 5 stations: St.1 (Doyo Lama), St.2 (Donday), St.3 (Deyau), St.4 (Kalkotte), and St. 5 (Jaifuri). Data of aquatic macrophytes was taken using square plot (1 x 1 m2) of 15 plots, while riparian vegetation data used survey method with 10 m transect line from the shoreline. The results showed that there were 10 species of aquatic macrophytes from 8 families and 30 species of riparian vegetation from 18 families. Based on these aquatic macrophytes and riparian vegetation, Lake Sentani is categorized as eutrophic, with the dominant macrophyte being hornworts (Ceratophyllum demersum L.; 135 individuals). Station 4 (Kalkotte) has the largest number of individual aquatic macrophytes (96 individuals). Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) was found to be the most abundant species of riparian vegetation in all stations (190 individuals). This is related to the shoreline of Lake Sentani which is largely a sandy soil. Station 5 (Jaifuri) has the largest number of species and the largest number of individual riparian vegetation (344 individuals from 20 species).


Keywords


Composition, aquatic macrophyte, riparian vegetation, Lake Sentani

Full Text:

PDF ()

References


Agustina L & E Arisoesilaningsih. 2013. Variasi Profil Vegetasi Pohon Riparian di Sekitar Mata Air dan Saluran Irigasi Tersier di Kabupaten Malang. Jurnal Biotropika, 1(3): 85-89.

Andersen OL. 2006. Babrongko: Material Culture of Lake Sentani Village, New Guinea. Universitas Cendrawasih. Jayapura. 42pp.

Burton ML, LJ Samuelson & S Pan. 2005. Riparian Woody Plant Diversity and Forest Structure Along An Urban-Rural Gradient. Urban Ecosystem, 8 : 93-106.

Byrd Jr. JD & V Maddox. 2012. Torpedograss (Panicum repens L.). Mississippi State University. Mississippi. 2 pp.

Bungkang Y & Soemarno. 2013. The Investigation of Sediment Accumulation and Its Distribution over Sentani Lake, Jayapura. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang. 5p.

Dewiyanti I. 2012. Keragaman Jenis dan Persen Penutupan Tumbuhan Air di Ekosistem Danau Laut Tawar, Takengon, Provinsi Aceh. Depik, 1 (2): 125-130

Foroughi M. 2011. Role of Ceratophyllum demersum in Recycling Macro Elements From Wastewater. Journal Applied Science Environment Management, 15 (2) : 401-404.

Giesen, W. 1991. Checklist of Indonesian Freshwater Aquatic Herbs (Including an Introduction to Freshwater Aquatic Vegetation). Asian Wetland Bureau-Indonesia. PHPA/AWB Sumatra Wetland Project Report No. 27.

Gong Z, T Cui, R Pu, C Lin & Y Chen. 2015. Dynamic Simulation of Vegetation Abundance in A Reservoir Riparian Zone Using A Sub-pixel Markov Model. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 35:175-186

Heartsill-Scalley T & TM Aide. 2003. Riparian Vegetation and Stream Condition in A Tropical Agriculture-Secondary Forest Mosaic. Ecological Application, 13(1): 225-234.

Holzmueller EJ & S Jose. 2012. Response of The Invasive Grass Imperata cylindrica to Disturbance in The Southeastern Forests, USA. Forests, 3 : 853-863.

Izsak J. 2007. Parameter Dependence of Correlation Between The Shannon Index and Members of Parametric Diversity Index Family. Ecological indicators, 7 : 181-194.

Lacoul P & B Freedman. 2006. Relationships Between Aquatic Plants and Envinronmental Factors Along A Steep Himalayan Altitudinal Gradient. Aquatic Botany, 84: 3-16.

Leach GJ & PL Osborne. 1985. Freshwater Plants of Papua New Guinea. The University of Papua New Guinea Press. Papua New Guinea. 252 pp.

Lukman & H Fauzi. 1991. Laporan Pra Survai Danau Sentani Irian Jaya dan Wilayah Sekitarnya. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Limnologi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. 63 pp.

MacDonald GE, BJ Brecke, JF Gaffney, KA Langeland, JA Ferrel & BA Sellers. 2006. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) Biology, Ecology, and Management in Florida. University of Florida. Florida. 3p.

Madsen JD, PA Chambers, WF James, EW Koch & DF Westlake. 2001. The Interaction Between Water Movement, Sediment Dynamics and Submersed Macrophytes. Hydrobiologia. 444 : 71-84.

Melo AS, LM Bini & SM Thomaz. 2007. Assessment of Methods To Estimate Aquatic Macrophyte Species Richness in Extrapolated Sample Sizes. Aquatic Botany, 86 : 377–384.

Miller JH. 2003. Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests: A Field Guide For Identification and Control. General Technical Report SRS-62. USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station. Asheville, NC. 93 pp.

Milne JM, KJ Murphy & SN Thomaz. 2002. Morphological Variation in Eichhornia azurea (Kunth.) and Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms. in Relation To Vegetation Type and Environmental Factors in The Flood Plain Of The Rio Paraná, Brazil. Proc. 11th EWRS Int. Symp. on Aquatic Weeds, Molietz, France, pp. 171–174.

Naiman RJ, H Decamps & ME McClain. 2005. Riparian: Ecology, Conservation, and Management Of Streamside Communities. Elsevier/Academic Press. 430 pp.

Odum EP & GW Barrett. 2005. Fundamentals of Ecology. 5th Edition. Thomson Learning, United States. 598 pp.

Ohee HL. 2013. The Ecology of the Red Rainbowfish (Glossolepis incisus) and the Impact of Human Activities on Its Habitats in Lake Sentani, Papua. Dissertation. Göttingen: Georg-August University School of Science. 118 pp.

Pancho, J. V., dan M. Soerjani. 1978. Aquatic Weeds of Southeast Asia. BIOTROP SEAMEO.

Polhemus DA, RA Englund & GR Allen. 2004. Freshwater Biotas of New Guinea and Nearby Islands: an Analysis of Endemism, Richness, and Threats. Washington DC: Conservation International. 62 pp.

Sadi, N. H. 2014. Laporan Tahap IV Karakterisasi Hidroklimatologi dan Penetapan Status Sumber Daya Perairan Darat Di Danau Sentani, Papua. Pusat Penelitian Limnologi LIPI.

Sakio H. 2008. Features of Riparian Forests in Japan. In: H Sakio & T Tamura (Eds). Ecology of Riparian Forest in Japan: Disturbance, Life History and Regeneration. Springer. Japan. p. 3-10.

Salemi LP, JD Groppo, R Trevisan, JM Moraes, WP Lima & LA Martinelli. 2012. Riparian Vegetation and Water Yield: A Synthesis. Journal of Hydrology, 454 : 195-202.

Setyanto, K., dan Warniningsih. 2011. Pemanfaatan Eceng Gondok Untuk Membersihkan Kualitas Air Sungai Gadjahwong Yogyakarta. Jurnal Teknologi Technoscientia 4(2):17–22.

Sulawesty, F., dan T. Suryono. 2016. Komunitas Fitoplankton Kaitannya dengan Kualitas Perairan Danau Sentani. LIMNOTEK 23(2):61–74.

Sunanisari S, AB Santoso, E Mulyana, S Nomosatryo & Y Mardiyati. 2008. Penyebaran Populasi Tumbuhan Air di Danau Singkarak. LIMNOTEK, 15 (2) : 112-119.

Surbakti SB. 2011. Biologi dan Ekologi Thiaridae (Moluska: Gastropoda) di Danau Sentani Papua. Jurnal Biologi Papua, 3(2): 59-66.

Sutomo & IDP Darma. 2011. Analisis Vegetasi di Kawasan Danau Buyan Tamblingan Bali Sebagai Dasar Untuk Manajemen Kelestarian Kawasan. Jurnal Bumi Lestari, 11 (1): 78-84.

Téllez TR, EMDR López, GL Granado, EA Pérez, RM López & JMS Guzmán. 2008. The Water Hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes: An Invasive Plant in The Guadiana River Basin (Spain). Aquatic Invasions, 3 (1) : 42-53.

Tosepu, R. 2012. Laju Penurunan Logam Berat Plumbum (Pb) dan Cadmium (Cd) Oleh Eichornia Crassipes dan Cyperus Papyrus. Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan 19(1):37–45.

Uno G, R Storey & R Moore. 2001. Principles of Botany. McGraw-Hill. New York: pp. xvii + 552.

Yonathan, A., A.R. Prasetya, dan B. Pramudono. 2013. Produksi Biogas dari Eceng Gondok (Eicchornia crassipes): Kajian Konsistensi dan pH Terhadap Biogas Dihasilkan. Jurnal Teknologi Kimia dan Industri 2(2):211–221.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Powered by OJS | Design by ThemeOJS