Health Risk Assessment of Lead (Pb) Pollution in Green Mussel (Perna viridis) at Cilincing Waters, DKI Jakarta Littoral

Anna Rejeki Simbolon

Abstract


Cilincing waters is one of the river estuaries on the coast of DKI Jakarta with increasing industrial and community activities. These activities certainly produce waste that contains heavy metal lead and into the water. Water pollution will affect the health of humans who interact directly or indirectly in these waters. Green mussel (Perna viridis) is one of the dominant benthic biota in Cilincing Waters and becomes one of the food for the people of DKI Jakarta. Green mussels exposed to lead metals at a certain concentration will adversely affect human health. So that required analysis of water pollution to health risks that may occur. This study aims to analyze the health risks of pollution, especially lead metals found in green mussel against humans. The research was conducted in Cilincing Coastal Waters of DKI Jakarta, from September to December 2017 by using survey method to determine the condition of existing environment. Parameters analyzed included Total Suspended Solid (TSS), Pb metal in water, sediment and green mussels. Health risk analysis of lead metal pollution is carried out using the SEDISOIL risk analysis model. This study shows that the concentrations of Pb metal in sediments and green mussels have been above the quality standard so that green mussels from that area are not feasible for consumption by the community. This is evident from the health risk (RQ) noses that have exceeded each sample location




Keywords


contamination, health risk, Cilincing water, coastal of DKI Jakarta

References


Aprile, F. M., dan M. Bouvy. 2008. Distribution and enrichment of heavy metals in sediments at The Tapacurá River Basin, Northeastern Brazil. Brazilian. Journal Aquatic Science Technology 12(1):1-8.

Albering, J.H., J,P. Rila., E. J.C. Moonen, J. A. Hoogewarf., dan J. C.S.Kleijans. 1999. Human health risk assessment in relation to environmental pollution of two artificial freshwater lakes in the Netherlands. Environmental Health Perspectives 107 (1): 27-35.

Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). 2015. Badan Pusat Statistik DKI Jakarta. Available: http://bappedajakarta.go.id/?page_id=1131. (9 Februari 2018).

Besser, J. M., W. G. Brumbaugh., T. W. May., dan C. J. Schmitt. . 2007. Biomonitoring of lead, zinc, and cadmium in streams draining lead-mining and non-mining areas, Southeast Missouri, USA. Environmental Monitoring Assessment 129 (1): 227–241.

Bogdanovic, T., I. Ujevic, M. Sedak, E. Listes, V. Simat., S. Petricevic., dan V. Poljak. 2014. As, Cd, Hg and Pb in four edible shellfish species from breeding and harvesting areas along The Eastern Adriatic Coast, Croatia. Food Chemistry, 146 (1): 197–203.

BPOM (Badan Pengawasan Obat dan Makanan). 2009. Peraturan Kepala Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan Republik Indonesia Tentang Penetapan Batas Maksimum Cemaran Mikroba dan Kimia dalam Makanan.11 pp.

CCME (Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment) 2001. Canadian Sediment Quality Guidelines for the Protection of Aquatic Life. Canada. Canadian Environmental Quality Guidelines. Available: http://stts.ccme.ca/en/index.html?chems=124&chapters=3. (23 Desember 2017).

El Nemr, A., A. K.haled.., A. Mooner, dan A. E. Sikaily . 2012. Risk probability due to heavy metals in bivalve from Egyptian Mediterranean coast. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research 38(2): 67–75.

Hutabarat S dan Evans SM. 2008. Pengantar Oseanografi. UI Press, Jakarta. -

IRIS (Integrated Risk Information System). 2007. Integrated Risk Information System List of Substance. Available: http:// www.epa.gov/iris/subst/index.html. ( 23 Desember 2017).

IPCS (The International Programme on Chemical Safety). 2004. Environmental Health Criteria XXX: Principles for Modelling Dose-Response for The Risk Assessment of Chemicals. World Health Organization and International Programme on Chemical Safety. International Programme on Chemical Safety. Geneva. 25pp.

KMNLH (Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup). 2004. Keputusan Menteri Negara dan Lingkungan Hidup No.51 tentang Baku Mutu Air Laut untuk Kehidupan Biota Laut. 11 pp.

Li, Y., R. Yang., A. Zhang, dan S. Wang. 2014. The distribution of dissolved Lead in the coastal waters of the East China Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin 85(2):700-709.

Lestari dan Edward. 2004. Dampak pencemaran logam berat terhadap kualitas air laut dan sumberdaya perikanan (studi kasus kematian massal ikan-ikan di Teluk Jakarta). Makara Sains 8(2): 52-58.

Raj, S., J. P. Kumar., dan P. J. Ranjan. 2013. Textural and heavy metal distribution in sediments of Mahanadi estuary, East Coast of India. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences 42(3): 370-374.

Riani, E., M. R. Cordova., dan Z. Arifin. 2018. Heavy metal pollution and its relation to the malformation of green mussels cultured in Muara Kamal waters, Jakarta Bay, Indonesia. Marine Pollution Bulletin133: 664–670

Simbolon, A. R., E. Riani, dan Y. Wardiatno. 2014. Analisis resiko kesehatan pencemaran logam beratpadaair, sedimen, dan simping (Placuna placenta) di Pesisir Kabupaten Tangerang. Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan 4(1): 73-81.

Simbolon, A. R. 2016. Status pencemaran di Perairan Cilincing Pesisir DKI Jakarta. Prosiding dari Seminar Nasional XIII Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS. Universitas Sebelas Maret. 677-682.

Simbolon, A. R. 2017. Karakteristik dan sikap peduli lingkungan masyarakat Pesisir Kawasan Cilincing DKI Jakarta. Jurnal Pro life 4(3):456-466.

USEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 2005. Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment. Risk Assessment Forum. United States Environmental Protection Agency., Washington, DC.134 p


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Powered by OJS | Design by ThemeOJS