Mangroves Adaptation to changes of environment: Case study on Nias Earthquake, North Sumatera, March 2005

Suyarso Suyarso, Bayu Prayudha, Maridah Yulia Iswari

Abstract


Ten years ago 9.3 Mw earthquake at Andaman Islands, December 26, 2004 accompanied by tsunami events in the region of Aceh causing tremendous losses, unprecedented for human life in coastal areas of Indonesia and neighbouring countries. A few months later, on March 28, 2005, 8.7 Mw earthquake has occurred, hundreds of hectares of coral reefs ecosystem were lifted into the terrestrial, many corals died of drought and collapsed by quake vibration. Similarly most of the mangroves moved away from the shoreline due to uplifted land. The aim of the study is to monitor the progress of the coastal ecosystems especially adaptation of mangroves due to change of their both physical and ecological environments. The methods used in the research were analysis of landasat imageries throught the remote sensing tecnique and coastal profile measurements. Series of field researchs were done on Augustus 2005, Desember 2014 and Desember 2015.  The research results showed mangroves that has moved away from the coastline, mostly died due to drought while some survive and develop toward the coastline.



Keywords


Earthquake, environment changes, mangroves adaptation, Nias

References


Anneboina, L.R. and K.S.K. Kumar 2017. Economic analysis of mangrove and marine fishery linkages in India. Ecosystem Services 24: 114–123

Blasco, F, P. Saenger and E. Janodet 1996. Mangroves as indicators of coastal change. Catena 27 ( 3-4): 167-178.

Brander, L.M., A.J. Wagtendonk , S.S. Hussain, A. McVittie, P.H. Verburg, R.S. de Groot, S. van der Ploeg. 2012. Ecosystem service values for mangroves in Southeast Asia: A meta-analysis and value transfer application. Ecosystem Services 1(1):62-69.

Devi, E.U. and S.S.C. Shenoi 2012. Tsunami and the Effects on Coastal Morphology and Ecosystems: A Report. Proc Indian Nat. Sci. Acad. 78 (3): 513-521.

Hagan, A.B., R. Foster, N. Perera, C.A. Gunawan, I. Silaban, Y. Yaha, Y. Manuputty, I. Hazam and G. Hodgson 2007. Tsunami and coral reef. Atoll Research Bulletin 544: 37-54.

Kanagaratnam, U., A.M. Schwarz, D. Adhuri and M.M. Dey 2006. Mangrove Rehabilitation in the West Coast of Aceh – Issues and Perspectives. NAGA, WorldFish Center Quarterly 29 (3 & 4): 10-18.

Lee, G.P. 2003. Mangroves in the Northern Territory, Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Environment, Darwin: 44 p.

Lee, S.Y., J.H. Primavera, F. Dahdouh-Guebas, K. McKee, J.O..Bosire, S. Cannicci, K. Diele, F. Fromard, N. Koedam, C. Marchand, I. Mendelssohn, N. Mukherjee and S. Record. 2014. Ecological role and services of tropical mangrove ecosystems: a reassessment. Global Ecol. and Biogeogr. 23: 726–743

Lilliesand, T.M. and R.W. Kiefer.1979. Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation. John Wiley, New York : 612p

Mahendra, R.S, P.C. Mohanty, H. Bisoyi and K.T. Srinivasa. 2014. Geospatial assessment of coral and mangrove environs of the Andaman Islands. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering 7(1): 275 – 279.

Mc Adoo, B.G., H.M. Fritz, K.L. Jackson, N. Kalligeris, J. Kruger, M. Bonte-Grapentin, A.L. Moore, W.B. Rafiau, D. Billy, and B. Tiano. 2008. Solomon Islands Tsunami,One Year Later. EOS, Transaction, American Geophysical Union 89(18): 169-176.

Pramudji 2000. Upaya pengelolaan hutan mangrove dilihat dari aspek perlindungan lingkungan. Oseana 25(3): 1-8.

Ray, S.K. and A. Acharyya. 2011. Coseismic uplift, slow plant mortality and ecological impact in North Andaman following the December 2004 (Mw > 9.2) earthquake. Current Science 101 (2): 218 – 222.

Saraswati, A.A. 2004. Konsep pengelolaan ekosistem pesisir (studi kasus Kecamatan Ulujami, Kab. Pemalang, Jawa Tengah). Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan 5(3):205-211.

Sukojo, B.M. 2003. Penggunaan Metode Analisa Ekologi Dan Penginderaan Jauh Untuk Pembangunan Sistem Informasi Geografis Ekosistem Pantai. Makara Sains 7 (1) : 30-37

Suryono, C.A. 2015. Ekologi Mangrove Di Segara Anakan Ditinjau dari Aspek : Kelimpahan dan Distribusi. Jurnal Kelautan Tropis 18 (1) : 20-27

Suyarso. 2008. Topographic changes after 2004 and 2005 earthquakes at Simeulue and Nias islands identified using uplifted reefs. Jour. Coast. Dev. 12 (1) : 20-29.

Tugiyono. 2010. Evaluasi kesuburan ekosistem perairan pesisir di desa Sriminosari, Kecamatan Labuhan Maringai, Kabupaten Lampung Timur, Propinsi Lampung. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Limnologi V tahun 2010: 61-75.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). 2007. After the Tsunami Coastal Ecosystem Restoration: Lessons Learnt 55p.

Vargas, G., M. Farías, S. Carretier, A. Tassara, S. Baize, D. Melnick. 2011. Coastal uplift and tsunami effects associated to the 2010 Mw8.8 Maule earthquake in Central Chile. Andean Geology 38 (1): 219-238.

Vitria, B. 2010. Berbagai kegiatan manusia yang dapat menyebabkan terjadinya degradasi ekosistem pantai serta dampak yang ditimbulkannya. Jurnal Belian 9 (1):47- 54.

Villalobos, F. 2012. Crustal deformation associated with the 1960 earthquake events in the South of Chile. 5th International Conference on earthquake geotechnical engineering. Santiago, Chile, Paper No. CDDFV.

Wang, L., M. Mu, X. Li, P. Lin and W. Wang. 2011. Differentiation between true mangroves and mangrove associates based on leaf traits and salt contents. Journal of Plant Ecology 4(4):292-301.

Wetlands International Indonesia Programme (WIPP) 2006. Study of Lessons Learned from Mangrove / Coastal Ecosystem Restoration Efforts in Aceh since the Tsunami (Wibisono, I.T.W. and I.N. Suryadiputra eds.). Bogor: 89 p

Winarso, G. dan A.D. Purwanto. 2014. Pendekatan baru indeks kerusakan mangrove menggunakan data penginderaan jauh. Seminar Nasional Penginderaan Jauh 2014: Deteksi Parameter Geobiofisik dan Diseminasi Penginderaan Jauh :268-279.

Yuvaraj, E., K. Dharanirajan, S. Jayakumar, Saravanan, J. Balasubramaniam. 2017. Distribution and zonation pattern of mangrove forest in Shoal Bay Creek, Andaman Islands, India. Indian Journal of Geo Marine Sciences 46 (03): 597-604


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Powered by OJS | Design by ThemeOJS